A continuous stream of projects was carried out in Barcelona between 1985 – 1996 with a view to the complete refurbishment of an entire city, with community involvement in all aspects. The urban landscape and quality of urban life has been improved through the restoration of 7,000 buildings and improved sanitation and hygiene have ensured better quality of life. The cost was $3.9 m from the public purse and $2.4 m from the private sector. Involvement of the citizens has led to a strong community identity. The programme continued until 1999 with increased attention being given to the ecological and energy saving aspects of city improvement.



Local government, local community, private sector